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Influence of State Policy on Standards and School Practices [microform] : A Comparison of Three Urban Districts / Gail L. Sunderman and Jeong-Ran Kim
Bib ID 5679874
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Sunderman, Gail L
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 2001 
19 p. 

This study examined the implementation of standards-based reforms in urban schools with high concentrations of low-income students, highlighting the influence of state policy on the development and implementation of school standards. Researchers examined the type of state policy three school districts were exposed to, level of teachers' awareness of the state policy on standards, and teachers' perceptions of the implementation of standards. Data collection occurred during the 1997-98 and 1998-99 school years and involved surveys, interviews, observation, and document analysis. Results indicated that the different policy environments within which schools and districts operated related to how districts and schools interpreted standards. These differences translated into differences in teachers' awareness of standards and perceptions of how well they were implemented. While teachers reported high levels of awareness of standards, they were not the driving force behind their classroom practices. Instead, district accountability policies that were narrowly focused on raising standardized test scores influenced school practice and directed it at improving standardized test scores. Policies were interrelated, with one policy establishing the context for another. The implementation of standards-based reform involved actors at multiple levels of the educational system with different levels of authority. (Contains 22 references.) (SM)


Sponsoring Agency: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.

Contract Number: RJ96006301.

Contract Number: R117D-40005.

ERIC Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Seattle, WA, April 10-14, 2001).

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Academic Achievement.  |  Academic Standards.  |  Educational Change.  |  Elementary Secondary Education.  |  Low Income Groups.  |  Program Implementation.  |  Public Schools.  |  School Districts.  |  Standardized Tests.  |  State Standards.  |  Teacher Attitudes.  |  Urban Schools.  |  Chicago Public Schools IL Cleveland Public Schools OH Detroit Public Schools MI State Policy
Form/genre Reports, Research.  |  Speeches/Meeting Papers.
Other authors/contributors Kim, Jeong-Ran, author
Available From ERIC 


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