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How Welfare and Work Policies Affect Employment and Income [microform] : A Synthesis of Research / Dan Bloom and Charles Michalopoulos
Bib ID 5683378
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Bloom, Dan
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 2001 
92 p. 

Studies of 29 welfare reform initiatives conducted by the Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation were synthesized in an exploration of how welfare and work policies affect employment and income. Each of the studies reviewed focused on one or more of the following key program features: mandatory employment services, earnings supplements, and time limits on welfare receipt. The synthesis yielded the following key lessons: (1) although a number of programs that provided only mandatory employment services were effective, the most successful of these programs used a mix of services (including some education and training) and strongly emphasized the need to find work; (2) the only programs that both increased work and made families financially better off were those that provided earnings supplements to low-wage workers; and (3) although relatively little is known about the effects of welfare time limits, the available data suggest that time limits need not cause widespread hardship, at least not in the short term. (Twenty-three tables/figures/boxes are included. The bibliography lists 30 references. The following items are appended: a list of 23 key reports from the studies reviewed; program descriptions; program impacts; and a discussion of why including the federal Earned Income Credit does not substantially change program impacts on income.) (MN)


Availability: Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation, 16 East 34 Street, New York, New York 10016 ($12). Tel: 212-532-3200; Web site: For full text: http://www. ay2001.pdf.

Sponsoring Agency: David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, CA.

Sponsoring Agency: Grant (W.T.) Foundation, New York, NY.

Sponsoring Agency: John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.

Sponsoring Agency: Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.

Sponsoring Agency: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.

Sponsoring Agency: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.

Sponsoring Agency: Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.

Sponsoring Agency: Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, Kansas City, MO.

Sponsoring Agency: Alcoa Foundation, Pittsburgh, PA.

Sponsoring Agency: George Gund Foundation, Cleveland, OH.

Sponsoring Agency: Anheuser-Busch Companies, Inc., St. Louis, MO.

Sponsoring Agency: New York Times Foundation, NY.

Sponsoring Agency: Open Society Inst., New York, NY.

Sponsoring Agency: Ambrose Monell Foundation, New York, NY.

Sponsoring Agency: Grable Foundation, Pittsburgh, PA.

ERIC Note: Support also provided by BP on behalf of the Heinz Arco, Family and Union Carbide Foundations. Part of the Next Generation project, which also includes University of Texas, Austin, Northwestern University, University of California, Los Angeles, Kent State University, University of Michigan, New York University, and Social Research and Demonstration Corporation.

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Adult Education.  |  Adult Learning.  |  Cost Effectiveness.  |  Economic Research.  |  Education Work Relationship.  |  Educational Legislation.  |  Educational Needs.  |  Educational Research.  |  Employment Patterns.  |  Employment Programs.  |  Employment Services.  |  Federal Legislation.  |  Influences.  |  Job Training.  |  Labor Legislation.  |  Literature Reviews.  |  Needs Assessment.  |  Postsecondary Education.  |  Program Costs.  |  Program Effectiveness.  |  Public Policy.  |  Research Methodology.  |  Role of Education.  |  Salary Wage Differentials.  |  Synthesis.  |  Trend Analysis.  |  Vocational Education.  |  Welfare Recipients.  |  Welfare to Work Programs  |  Earned Income Tax Credit Time Limited Welfare Wage Subsidies Welfare Reform
Form/genre Information Analyses.
Other authors/contributors Michalopoulos, Charles, author  |  Manpower Demonstration Research Corp., New York, NY
Available From ERIC 


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