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Three-Year Impacts of Connecticut's Jobs First Welfare Reform Initiative [microform] / Richard Hendra, Charles Michalopoulos and Dan Bloom
Bib ID 5684178
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Hendra, Richard
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 2001 
46 p. 

The Connecticut Jobs First welfare reform initiative, implemented statewide in 1996, includes a 21-month time limit on cash assistance, generous financial work incentives, and other features. Its primary goal is to reduce welfare use and increase self-sufficiency through work. To facilitate evaluation of the program, between January 1996 and February 1997, several thousand welfare applicants and recipients were assigned, at random, to one of two groups: the Jobs First group, or the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) group, which is subject to the prior welfare rules. Data collected in early 2000 from the program's implementation and estimates of its impacts on employment, public assistance receipt, income, and other outcomes was analyzed to determine the Jobs First's impact after 3 years. Key findings were the following: (1) Jobs First continues to have a positive impact on employment; (2) Jobs First generated substantial reductions in cash assistance receipt and payments in Year 3; (3) the Jobs First and AFDC groups had about the same average income in Year 3, although, consistent with the program's goals, the Jobs First group derived a greater proportion of its income from earnings; (4) the most impressive employment gains continue to be experienced by the most disadvantaged subgroup; and (5) only a small fraction of the Jobs First group received benefits continuously through the 3 years, and many of those who did worked while on welfare. A final evaluation will follow the groups for 4 years and examine Jobs First's impacts on the children of participants. (KC)


Availability: Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation, 16 East 34 Street, New York, NY 10016. Tel: 212-532-3200. For full text:

Sponsoring Agency: Smith Richardson Foundation, Inc., Greensboro, NC.

Sponsoring Agency: Connecticut State Dept. of Social Services, Hartford.

Sponsoring Agency: Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC.

Sponsoring Agency: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.

Sponsoring Agency: Ambrose Monell Foundation, New York, NY.

Sponsoring Agency: Alcoa Foundation, Pittsburgh, PA.

Sponsoring Agency: James G. Irvine Foundation, San Francisco, CA.

Sponsoring Agency: ARCO Foundation, Los Angeles, CA.

Sponsoring Agency: Grable Foundation, Pittsburgh, PA.

Sponsoring Agency: Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, Kansas City, MO.

Sponsoring Agency: Open Society Inst., New York, NY.

ERIC Note: Also supported by the Union Carbide Foundation.

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Adults.  |  Community Development.  |  Disadvantaged.  |  Employment Potential.  |  Employment Programs.  |  Job Skills.  |  Job Training.  |  Poverty Programs.  |  Program Effectiveness.  |  State Programs.  |  Unemployment.  |  Wages.  |  Welfare Recipients.  |  Welfare Services.  |  Connecticut  |  Aid to Families with Dependent Children Time Limited Welfare
Form/genre Reports, Evaluative.
Other authors/contributors Michalopoulos, Charles, author  |  Bloom, Dan, author  |  Manpower Demonstration Research Corp., New York, NY
Available From ERIC 


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