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Tanacross Practical Orthography [microform] / Gary Holton
Bib ID 5689375
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Author
Holton, Gary
 
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 2000 
4 p. 
Summary

This article summarizes the development of the Tanacross practical orthography, highlighting the crucial differences between practical and technical orthography used in some linguistic publications. Three stages of Tanacross orthography are exemplified in research from the 1980s. A fourth stage is a hybrid of the second and third stages, incorporating the vowel system and tri-graph dental affricates of the third stage but without distinguishing semi-voiced fricatives with underscore. A fifth stage, exemplified in publications of the Yukon Native Language Centre, adds five types of vowel tone markings. This system recognizes three distinctions in fricative voicing. The vowel system uses five vowel symbols to represent six phonemic vowels. Each vowel symbol may occur alone or in a sequence of identical symbols. Tone is marked on vowels using a diacritic. Low tone syllables are not marked for tone. Only the first of a sequence of orthographic vowels is marked for tone. Nasalization is marked with the Americanist nasal hook. Both vowels of a vowel sequence are marked with the nasal hook if the vowel is nasalized. Glottal stop is not written in word-initial position. Words spelled with an initial vowel actually begin with a glottal stop. (SM)

Notes

Availability: For full text: http://www.uaf.edu/amlc/langs/papers/practical.pdf.

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18: https://eric.ed.gov/

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Alaska Natives.  |  American Indian Languages.  |  Language Maintenance.  |  Phonology.  |  Spelling.  |  Tone Languages.  |  Uncommonly Taught Languages.  |  Vowels.  |  Fricatives Glottal Stops
Form/genre Reports, Descriptive.
Other authors/contributors Alaska Univ., Fairbanks. Alaska Native Language Center
Available From ERIC 
000 02631cam a22003732u 4500
001 5689375
005 20181018121100.0
007 he u||024||||
008 080220s2000    xxu ||| bt    ||| | eng d
035 |9(ericd)ED462006
037 |aED462006|bERIC
040 |aericd|beng|cericd|dMvI
091 |amfm
100 1 |aHolton, Gary.
245 1 0 |aTanacross Practical Orthography|h[microform] /|cGary Holton.
260 |a[Washington, D.C.] :|bDistributed by ERIC Clearinghouse,|c2000.
300 |a4 p.
500 |aAvailability: For full text: http://www.uaf.edu/amlc/langs/papers/practical.pdf.|5ericd
520 |aThis article summarizes the development of the Tanacross practical orthography, highlighting the crucial differences between practical and technical orthography used in some linguistic publications. Three stages of Tanacross orthography are exemplified in research from the 1980s. A fourth stage is a hybrid of the second and third stages, incorporating the vowel system and tri-graph dental affricates of the third stage but without distinguishing semi-voiced fricatives with underscore. A fifth stage, exemplified in publications of the Yukon Native Language Centre, adds five types of vowel tone markings. This system recognizes three distinctions in fricative voicing. The vowel system uses five vowel symbols to represent six phonemic vowels. Each vowel symbol may occur alone or in a sequence of identical symbols. Tone is marked on vowels using a diacritic. Low tone syllables are not marked for tone. Only the first of a sequence of orthographic vowels is marked for tone. Nasalization is marked with the Americanist nasal hook. Both vowels of a vowel sequence are marked with the nasal hook if the vowel is nasalized. Glottal stop is not written in word-initial position. Words spelled with an initial vowel actually begin with a glottal stop. (SM)
530 |aMay also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18:|uhttps://eric.ed.gov/
533 |aMicrofiche.|b[Washington D.C.]:|cERIC Clearinghouse|emicrofiches : positive.
650 1 7 |aAlaska Natives.|2ericd
650 1 7 |aAmerican Indian Languages.|2ericd
650 1 7 |aLanguage Maintenance.|2ericd
650 1 7 |aPhonology.|2ericd
650 1 7 |aSpelling.|2ericd
650 1 7 |aTone Languages.|2ericd
650 0 7 |aUncommonly Taught Languages.|2ericd
650 0 7 |aVowels.|2ericd
653 0 |aFricatives|aGlottal Stops
655 7 |aReports, Descriptive.|2ericd
710 2 |aAlaska Univ., Fairbanks. Alaska Native Language Center.
856 4 1 |uhttps://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED462006
984 |aANL|cmc 2253 ED462006|d77000000459354
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