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Jobs First [microform] : Final Report on Connecticut's Welfare Reform Initiative / Dan Bloom, Susan Scrivener and Charles Michalopoulos
Bib ID 5692187
Format BookBook, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Author
Bloom, Dan
 
Online Versions
Description [Washington, D.C.] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 2002 
448 p. 
Summary

An evaluation of Jobs First (JF) compared the experiences of JF participants who were subject to welfare reform policies with those of Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) participants who were subject to prior welfare rules. It collected information for four years about JF's impacts on participants' children and analyzed its financial benefits and costs for participants and governments. Findings indicated implementation of the employment component was problematic, with persistent difficulties monitoring participation; the JF group heard a different message from the welfare system than did the AFCD group--one that was more strongly focused on employment and moving to self-sufficiency; just over half the JF group reached the time limit; JF increased employment, earnings, and income and did not affect receipt of cash assistance; JF immediately increased employment; program impacts on employment and earnings were concentrated among individuals facing greater barriers to employment; JF had no consistent effect on a wide range of indicators of material well-being; levels of hardship remained high for families in both groups; JF had a few positive effects on behavior of elementary school children and mixed effects for adolescents; over 5 years, governments' investment in JF was not offset by decreased welfare payments; and the investment generated substantial gains in income and services for JF participants. Appendixes include supplementary tables, exhibits, and analyses. (Contains 99 references.) (YLB)

Notes

Availability: Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation, 16 East 34 Street, New York, NY 10016. Tel: 212-532-3200. For full text: http://www.mdrc.org.

Sponsoring Agency: Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC.

Sponsoring Agency: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.

Sponsoring Agency: Smith Richardson Foundation, Inc., Greensboro, NC.

Sponsoring Agency: Alcoa Foundation, Pittsburgh, PA.

Sponsoring Agency: Grable Foundation, Pittsburgh, PA.

Sponsoring Agency: Ambrose Monell Foundation, New York, NY.

Sponsoring Agency: George Gund Foundation, Cleveland, OH.

Sponsoring Agency: New York Times Co., NY.

Sponsoring Agency: Surdna Foundation, Inc., New York, NY.

Sponsoring Agency: Open Society Inst., New York, NY.

ERIC Note: Written with Wanda Vargas. Also sponsored by Starr and The Atlantic Philanthropies. For a summary of this report, see CE 083 264. Supported also by the Project on State-Level Child Outcomes, a project co-sponsored by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Administration for Children and Families and Office of the Assistant Secretary of Planning and Evaluation with additional support from the Centers for Disease Control, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Annie E. Casey Foundation, David and Lucille Packard Foundation, Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, George Gund Foundation, and Smith Richardson Foundation.

May also be available online. Address as at 14/8/18: https://eric.ed.gov/

Reproduction Microfiche. [Washington D.C.]: ERIC Clearinghouse microfiches : positive. 
Subjects Adolescents.  |  Adult Education.  |  Adults.  |  Children.  |  Comparative Analysis.  |  Cost Effectiveness.  |  Costs.  |  Economically Disadvantaged.  |  Employment Patterns.  |  Employment Programs.  |  Employment Services.  |  Federal Programs.  |  Income.  |  Program Effectiveness.  |  Program Evaluation.  |  State Programs.  |  Welfare Recipients.  |  Welfare Reform.  |  Welfare Services.  |  Aid to Families with Dependent Children Connecticut
Form/genre Reports, Evaluative.
Other authors/contributors Scrivener, Susan, author  |  Michalopoulos, Charles, author  |  Morris, Pamela, author  |  Hendra, Richard, author  |  Adams-Ciardullo, Diana, author  |  Walter, Johanna, author  |  Manpower Demonstration Research Corp., New York, NY  |  Connecticut State Dept. of Social Services, Hartford
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