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Home Office records, 1779-1871 [microform] / as filmed by the AJCP
Bib ID 7792224
Format ManuscriptManuscript, MicroformMicroform, OnlineOnline
Online Versions
Related Online
Resources
Description Canberra : Australian Joint Copying Project, [19--] 
<> microfilm reels ; 35 mm. 
Series

Australian Joint Copying Project part 3.

Summary

In 1782 the division of foreign business between the Northern and Southern Departments in Great Britain was abolished. Out of this administrative change was born the Home Office, assuming juris diction over domestic affairs of the realm. The functions of the Home Office were then largely the transmission and answering of petitions to the Sovereign from his subjects, advice on the exercise of royal prerogatives, especially the 'prerogative of mercy', and the issuing of instructions on behalf of the Sovereign to Officers of the Crown, Lords Lieutenant, Magistrates, Governors of Colonies and others, in connection with the maintenance of law and order and the defence of the realm. The new Department also immediately became responsible for colonial affairs and remained so until 1801 despite the appointment of a Secretary of State for War and the Colonies in 1794. A number of duties of the Office have since been superseded and others added, control of the penal system being among them (1823). Although the duties of the Home Office have been altered from time to time, the most important as regards Australian historical interest remains that of maintenance of the Sovereign's Peace. Under the sway of this power fall those disturbers of the peace, the convicts. As noted above, the Home Office was responsible for colonial affairs until 1801, but the bulk of records affecting the colonies has been transferred to the Colonial Office. Most of the remaining records of interest to the Australian Joint Copying Project concern the convicts. Among the main classes copied can be found the two earliest censuses held in Australia, the 1828 and 1837 censuses. The contents of the main classes copied from the Home Office papers under the Australian Joint Copying Project deserve a brief introduction. Classes from which little material has been copied, or for which headings are self-explanatory, have been excluded.

Notes

National Library of Australia holds microfilm master.

Filmed as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project by the National Library of Australia and the Library of New South Wales.

Public Record Office H.O. 7-130 (various, incomplete)

Also available online http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-728075871

Original held by Public Record Office, London.

Cited In

Australian Joint Copying Project handbook. Part 3 : Home Office.

Subjects Australia -- History -- Sources.  |  New Zealand -- History -- Sources.
Time Coverage 1779, 1871 
Other authors/contributors Australian Joint Copying Project  |  National Library of Australia  |  Library of New South Wales  |  Great Britain. Public Record Office

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Collect from: Main Reading Room - Newspapers and Family History
Call Number: mfm PRO 59-5250 (various)
Status: Available
Details Collect From
mfm PRO 59-5250 (various) Main Reading Room - Newspapers and Family History

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