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Daniel Defoe (; born Daniel Foe; c. 1660 – 24 April 1731)According to Paul Duguid in "Limits of self organization" , First Monday (11 September 2006): "Most reliable sources hold that the date of Defoe's birth was uncertain and may have fallen in 1659 or 1661. The day of his death is also uncertain." was an English trader, writer, journalist, pamphleteer and spy. He is most famous for his novel Robinson Crusoe, published in 1719, which is claimed to be second only to the Bible in its number of translations. He has been seen as one of the earliest proponents of the English novel, and helped to popularise the form in Britain with others such as Aphra Behn and Samuel Richardson."Defoe", The Oxford Companion to English Literature, ed. Margaret Drabble. (Oxford: Oxford University Press,1996), p. 265. Defoe wrote many political tracts and was often in trouble with the authorities, and spent a period in prison. Intellectuals and political leaders paid attention to his fresh ideas and sometimes consulted with him.

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by Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
Woodstock [Vt.] : Printed by David Watson, 1819
MicroformMicroform, BookBook
Uniform title: Robinson Crusoe
by Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
New-York: : Published by Evert Duyckinck, no. 102 Pearl-Street. 1816. J.C. Totten, printer, [1816]
BookBook, OnlineOnline
by Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
Sydney : Ayers & James, [1948] , [New York] : Gilberton Company
BookBook [text, still image, volume]
by Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
Manila : [Historical Conservation Society] ; [Beverly Hills, Calif., U.S. : Exclusive distributors, Philippine Expressions], 1989
by Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
Adelaide : Terai Special : C. Wood, Son & Co., [1916] , New York : John H. Eggers, ©1916
BookBook [text, volume]
by Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
[London, England] : Strato Publications, [195-?]
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