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Joseph Priestley (;"Priestley" : Collins English Dictionary – Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition. 24 March 1733 – 6 February 1804) was an English chemist, natural philosopher, separatist theologian, grammarian, multi-subject educator, and liberal political theorist who published over 150 works. He has historically been credited with the independent discovery of oxygen in 1774 by the thermal decomposition of mercuric oxide, having isolated it. Although Swedish chemist Carl Wilhelm Scheele also has strong claims to the discovery, Priestley published his findings first. Scheele discovered it by heating potassium nitrate, mercuric oxide, and many other substances about 1772.Kuhn, 53–60; Schofield (2004), 112–113. The difficulty in precisely defining the time and place of the "discovery" of oxygen, within the context of the developing chemical revolution, is one of Thomas Kuhn's central illustrations of the gradual nature of paradigm shifts in The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.

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Uniform title: Catechism for children and young persons. Selections
by Priestley, Joseph, 1733-1804
[Salem, Mass.] : Printed by S. Hall, in Salem,, 1785
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Uniform title: Catechism for children and young persons. Selections
by Priestley, Joseph, 1733-1804
Salem [Mass.]: : Printed by William Carlton,, 1796
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by Priestley, Joseph, 1733-1804
Salem [Mass.] : Printed by Haven Pool, 1804
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Uniform title: Letters to the philosophers and politicians of France
by Priestley, Joseph, 1733-1804
Philadelphia: : Printed by Thomas Dobson, at the stone-house, no 41, South Second-Street,, M.DCC.XCIV. [1794]
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Uniform title: Continuation of the Letters to the philosophers and politicians of France
by Priestley, Joseph, 1733-1804
Northumberland-Town [Pa.]: : Printed by Andrew Kennedy., M,DCC,XCIV. [1794]
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Uniform title: Continuation of the Letters to the philosophers and politicians of France
by Priestley, Joseph, 1733-1804
[Salem, Mass.] : Printed at Northumberland: reprinted at Salem, by Thomas C. Cushing; and sold by Cushing and Carlton, at the Bible, Essex-Street., 1795
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by Priestley, Joseph, 1733-1804
Philadelphia : Printed for the author, and sold by P. Byrne, 1803
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